What is Extinction Rebellion? What are the climate activists demanding?

The Extinction Rebellion activists are set to take to the streets of London to protest for the fifth day running.

They aim is to “peacefully occupy the centres of power and shut them down” for two weeks.

Protests are also planned in other cities, including Amsterdam, Berlin, New York and Sydney.

To highlight their message the group members have glued themselves to trains, blocked traffic, chained themselves to houses and staged a protest at Heathrow Airport.

Thousands of people have been arrested following the protests.

But who are Extinction Rebellion? Why are they staging protests and what are they demanding? Here we explain.

  • Over 1,000 Extinction Rebellion protesters arrested after day of climate chaos

Who are Extinction Rebellion?

Extinction Rebellion, or XR, defines itself as “an international movement that uses non-violent civil disobedience in an attempt to halt mass extinction and minimise the risk of social collapse”.

They want to force political leaders to take action against the climate emergency.

The activist group was launched in October 2018 when they came together in Parliament Square in London to announce a “declaration of rebellion against the UK government”.

  • Extinction Rebellion protesters 'marry' on Westminster Bridge during huge demo

But now Extinction Rebellion says it has groups in several countries.

Co-founder Gail Bradbrock said: “We have left it so late that we have to step up in a semi-miraculous way to deal with this situation.”

The Extinction Rebellion logo is an hourglass inside a circle, which symbolising that time is running out.

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What are the demands of Extinction Rebellion?

Extinction Rebellion have three main demands:

1. Declare an emergency

They want the government to declare a “climate and ecological emergency”.

They also want the government to work “with other groups and institutions to communicate the urgent need for change”.

2. Net Zero emissions by 2025

Extinction Rebellion want the UK to drastically cut greenhouse gas emissions.

They want the UK to hit net zero by 2025.

3. Create a citizens’ assembly

The activist group want the government to create a citizens’ assembly which will hear evidence and devise policy to tackle the crisis.

The citizens' assembly will bring together ordinary people to investigate, discuss and make recommendations on the next steps.

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